Politics has always meant right from its application in primitive era to modern day democratic environment, acquisition and preservation of power by the leaders of thought and action positively speaking and by a clique negatively speaking. Over the centuries the doses of moral injection have made the term politics appear more humane – only in external appearance, by pushing all its violent tendencies to the back for the sake of aesthetic appeal, because even in the case of totalitarian regimes (as opposed to Democratic ones) the consent of majority is always sought for the sake of legitimacy of power there by perpetuating the stability of the regime in question. The right metaphor to describe the case in point may be Rousseau’s general will in the domain of Law.
In modern day polity (in this case India) in the context of being a democratic regime and all, the leaders or cliques (political parties) to acquire the political power are expected to convince a major number of Indians who are voting compared to other players (political parties that are contesting elections) in the fray. When it comes to convincing a majority of voters, the political parties resort to different tactics and all such tactics can be classified under two heads or extremes – Truth and falsehood. In a horizontal scale the extreme left can be represented as truth and the extreme right as falsehood, in between the higher the number for a particular claim by political actors the greater the falsehood and lower the number in the scale from 0 to 9 the lesser the possibility of particular term being a falsehood, or it is closer to truth.
Truth 0——–1——–2——–3——–4——–5——–6——–7——–8——–9 Falsehood
In a culture like that of India’s where Truth has been accorded a position which has reverence to that of God, it is naturally presumed that rulers – ie., a potential player who seeks to win the approval of a majority of voters, will speak the truth in the run up to the elections, when it comes to fulfilling the promises post establishing the government successfully, when blaming the political opponents for their failures etc.,
And when it comes to such an analysis on a National Scale we are straight away looking at two regimes – one that was led by Congress and the other by BJP. The time span for such an analysis is from 2000 to 2014 as one block and from 2014 to till date as one block, this is only my wish or goal. But this template can be applied to any period.
The main task here is to identify the articulations of political parties in the post and pre-election scenario ie., while campaigning for election and once the government is formed, though I feel that more importance should be given to the promises made by the regime that has secured power through elections. So, its election manifestos and the articulation of reasons for the failure to meet certain goals as promised in manifestos or otherwise and other ideological commitments etc.,
For eg., the promise of Congress government on elimination of poverty and BJP’s claim to credit 15Lakh rupees in every body’s account. The great challenge in this approach is to identifying key tangibles that would qualify as individual items which can be rated in the scale mentioned above.
Status: WIP – Work in progress.